April 5, 2019
Author: Melissa Sitzman
There are so many cats that are feral, stray or that have been abandoned by irresponsible owners, that I felt this was important information to share. However, before taking any action to help a cat, please find out the laws pertaining to stray and feral cats, in your area. There are places that prohibit feeding them and in some instances, by feeding a cat, you become it’s lawful owner. That’s why it’s important to know the laws, before you act so that you can decide what’s best.
It’s also equally important to make sure you’re dealing with a cat that really is a stray, feral or that was abandoned. In order to find out, it’s a good idea to ask people in the area if they know anything about the cat. You can even take pictures and distribute flyers so that any potential owner might see them. There are also groups on social media sites that publish pictures of lost pets, for most areas. I highly recommend looking there and on classified websites to try to find any owners. If you’re able to, you could even put a collar on the cat with a tag that reads; “If this is your cat, please call (your phone number).” If you do so, make sure it is the kind of collar that breaks off, if the cat gets caught on something. They’re called “break away collars.”
While waiting to hear from any potential owners, providing food, water and shelter could save the cats life! You can leave these things, in the area where you’ve repeatedly seen the cat. A mixture of dry and wet cat food is best because it could have problems eating dry food, if it has untreated dental issues. A shelter can be made very inexpensively. There are many options for doing so. A good shelter could be made out of a large, old cooler. Just cut a hole, big enough for a cat to get through, in one end. Another option is to use two plastic storage containers with some foam insulation, in between the two containers.
The Alley Cat Advocates website has really good instructions on how to make your own cat shelter. Just click on the word “instructions” above and then click on the icon that reads: “Download Pdf.” Once you’ve made a shelter, place it in the same area where you’ve been feeding the cat. You do want to leave, at least, a little space in between the food and the shelter, as the food can draw the attention of other animals.
If you haven’t heard from someone claiming the cat, within a week or two, you need to decide what to do with the cat. If it’s truly feral, meaning it doesn’t want human interaction, at all. Then, it should be trapped and taken to a shelter that has a trap, neuter and release program. If you can’t find a shelter that participates, in your area, you can approach the shelters near you, about starting a program. The Alley Cat Allies website goes into much more detail about how to do so, here.
If the cat is trapped and taken to a shelter they will evaluate whether the cat is adoptable or not. If it is adoptable, they will put the cat up for adoption. After it has been sterilized, received shots and any needed veterinary care. If the cat isn’t adoptable, the shelter will get in touch with you after the cat has recovered from surgery, to take the cat back where you trapped it, for release. Doing this helps cut down the feral cat population.
If the cat is friendly and, like I did, you decide you want to try to integrate the cat into your household, it’s important that the cat receive veterinary care before you bring it indoors. Not only for the health of any other pets but, also for the health of yourself and your family. Cats can be carriers of parasites that can be transferred to humans. It’s also important that the cat be tested for Feline Leukemia (FeLv) and Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) before being around any other cats. There are no cures for either disease and they are contagious to other cats. A cat with FeLv should not be with other cats under any circumstances.
However, Feline Immunodeficiency Virus is only spread when cats wound each other during a fight. So, if you do have other cats, you can decide whether you want to take that risk or not. If you decide to take the risk, please introduce the cats to each other, using extreme caution. You can read how to do so in my blog post titled, “How to Successfully Introduce New Cats or Kittens to Older Cats.”
My cat, Scrappy is FIV positive. My husband and I, integrated her into our home, with two other cats, without any issues. It took quite a while to do so but, I’m really glad that we did. She’s a good cat!
I am not a veterinarian nor am I affiliated with or receiving compensation from any of the other websites that are linked to, in this blog post. Please always consult a qualified veterinarian for advice when dealing with cats.